The CPAP therapy
CPAP therapy (continuous positive airway pressure) is a form of ventilation that is used in patients with sleep-related breathing disorders (e.g. OSA). The relaxation of the muscles in the throat during sleep leads to a collapse of the upper respiratory tract. This primarily affects the throat and not the trachea or lungs. Continuous positive pressure keeps the airways open. With the help of a mask over the nose or nose and mouth, the pressure is built up and the airways are kept open. There are now numerous different masks on the market that can be individually adapted to the individual patient. The associated devices are now also very advanced and handy, so that they can be transported without major problems. Modern devices hardly bother patients anymore.
The BiPAP therapy
A modification of the CPAP therapy is the BiPAP therapy (biphasic positive airway pressure). A distinction is made between inhalation and exhalation. Since higher pressures are required for inhalation than for exhalation, the devices automatically adapt this to the patient’s breathing.
Always unusual at the beginning
Of course, it is very unusual for every patient to wear such a mask at night and skepticism prevails. However, significantly more patients are able to cope with this therapy, since there are solutions for many small problems (e.g. humidifier, tube heating, different mask types, etc.). A positive side effect in most cases is that snoring is significantly reduced. The familiarization phase is certainly associated with certain initial difficulties, but in most cases there is a significant improvement in sleep quality.
Alternative to CPAP therapy
However, if - even after the hardest efforts - sleep is simply not possible with the CPAP device, you should look for alternatives. Thanks to our research, these are now comparable in effectiveness to CPAP therapy, with significantly higher patient satisfaction.